Language is one of the most cognitive functions any individual can possess. It is an indirect mark of power; whatever you say can make you and break you.Language entails the ability to comprehend what you are being told, and the ability to express yourself. Children who experience language problems may have difficulty understanding what they are being told, interpreting what they hear and following instructions and explanations.
Being able to express yourself depends on your artillery of vocabulary in combination with the skill to produce the needed word to construct a meaningful sentence at any given time. Speech production difficulties include problems affecting the ability to flow between words, the ability to articulate and word naming. Some children have problems with forming a sequence with similar words, others find it difficult to control the speed and rhythm at which their words flow. Their speech may be inappropriate in tone, incongruent and hesitant- stammering between words.
Sometimes, there are problems with word retrieval, which implies they are unable to find the exact word when needed. A handful of the children also find it difficult to construct sentences, organize narratives and use grammar acceptably. With others, their problem stems from their with phonetic background, which adversely affects their reading ability, writing and mathematics.
Some children with semantic problems have trouble learning the meaning of words, thus are likely to use words out of context (not contest).
Language weaknesses can interfere with the ability to recall concepts learnt in the contest areas, such as sciences and social studies courses which entails the processing and utilization of abstract concepts. All academic skills are largely taught through language therefore it’s not surprising that a majority of children with language problems underperform academically. This can even affect the how the kids socialize.
Interestingly, children who possess very strong language skills are able to use their linguistic ability to compensate for any academic problems.
In approaching a child with disordered language, it is important to identify what is causing the speech problem and tackle it appropriately.
The first step in evaluating the problem is to rule out a hearing problem. If no hearing issues are found, you can seek an evaluation from a speech therapist. A speech therapist can work one on one with your child to build his vocabulary and improve his grammar.
Also if the child has emotional difficulties as a result of language issues, you might want to consider psychological help.
However, what you can do as a parent at home is to communicate with your child as much as you can. Listen to your child, give your child ample time to respond and resist the temptation to fill in the silence.
It is noted that Some kids with language disorders may also have related conditions which includes dyslexia, ADHD, and mental health disorders, so seek help for the child now!